The Hillside Conservation Agriculture Project - CARE


The Hillside Conservation Agriculture Project

CARE has been promoting conservation agriculture since 2009 in the Uluguru Mountains in the eastern part of Tanzania. The area is hit hard by the effects of climate change and depleting natural resources and therefore needs sustainable agricultural intensification techniques that can improve food security and incomes. The Hillside Conservation Agriculture Project (HICAP) was initiated to address the critical food insecurity problems in the South Uluguru Mountains, perpetuated by poor farming techniques, lack of financial resources to invest in agriculture, inadequate input supply and poor marketing facility.

The HICAP project aims to (1) increase adoption of conservation agriculture practices leading to increased yield and overall food security for men, women and children in the South Uluguru Mountains and (2) enhance support for local sustainability of conservation agriculture practices through village saving and loan practices.

So far HICAP has facilitated the adoption of sustainable conservation agriculture practices in three wards of Kolero, Kasanga and Bungu located within the South Uluguru Mountains, as well as developing appropriate support systems and infrastructures, including village savings and loans (VSL) groups and marketing facilities.

The first phase of HICAP ended in February 2013. In its second phase HICAP will also focus on: (1) adoption of hilly-slopes climate smart agriculture interventions leading to less soil erosion and increased yield and overall food security for men, women, and children from Kasanga, Kolero and Bungu Wards and (2) improve water supply for farming communities utilizing common utilities in Kolero Wards.

Target group:
HICAP 2 target group is 300 households or 1,400 people in 6 villages within South Uluguru Mountains.

The project aims to focus on construction of terraces and other conservation agriculture interventions for soil erosion control including contour strip, farming with pineapples, grass and tree planting in steep slopes. Also, activities will include construction of two rain-water harvesting system accompanied with water storage tanks. One of these systems will support the existing facility at the Centre for Sustainable Living (CSL) whose overall purpose is to provide practical training to farmers and where the existing water distribution is not capable to adequately fulfill the demand for both residents at the CSL and for watering the demonstration site. The other rain-water harvesting system will alleviate the increasing demand for water at the new market at Kolero, where farmers buy and sell crops and seeds. There is a strong need for adequate water supply at this market for human consumption, for sanitation purposes as well as for washing up vegetables prior marketing.

The project will target people from 6 villages in Kolero and Temkelo (Kolero Ward), Bungu and Mihange (Bungu Ward) and Kasanga and Kitonga (Kasanga ward) all of which are located in the same geographical area in the South Uluguru Mountains of Morogoro.

Duration and budget:
HICAP 2 started in July 2013 and will end in June 2014 with a budget of DKK 625.000 financed by the Fund of 24th December 2008 (DKK 250.000), Poul Due Jensens Fond (DKK 300.000), Dronning Margrethes & Prins Henriks Fond (DKK 50.000) and Nikolai & Felix Fonden (DKK 25.000).

The project is implemented by CARE in Tanzania together with ICRAF and FAO.
For more information, see the MICCA pilot project on FAO’s webpage.



Morten Fauerby Thomsen
Programme Coordinator
+45 35 200 100